彭蒙惠英语：20110209 MP3在线课程 Rural China Goes Green
Rural China Goes Green
by Trudy Rubin / (c) 2010, The Philadelphia Inquirer. Distributed by McClatchy-Tribune Information Services.
Eco-friendly technology shows great potential ... in the long run
This small village on the Zouma River─inside the municipal boundaries of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province─is the site of a fascinating effort to fight one of China's biggest problems: the dangerous levels of pollution in its rivers and streams.
"In the last 30 years, China's economic miracle has helped pull millions from poverty, but has put tremendous pressure on its ecosystems," said Ma Jun, whose 1999 book China's Water Crisis has been compared to Rachel Carson's Silent Spring. "Sixty percent of our rivers are polluted," and "300 million rural residents have no clean drinking water."
China's leadership has recognized the problem and adopted new regulations on industrial and agricultural pollution. Some government officials, [in order] to meet the new standards, may support Chinese nongovernm entalorganizations that work to clean up the environment. And that's how I came to be hurtling down a country road to look at a project run by the Chengdu Urban Rivers Association, or CURA, which works to persuade the public of the need to save the rivers.
Raising awareness, providing solutions
"Half of our problem is agricultural pollution," said Tian Jun, CURA's energetic general secretary, who formerly worked for the government on projects to treat two terribly polluted rivers running through Chengdu. Despite progress, officials faced a continuing problem of runoff from chemical pesticide used by farmers living upstream from Chengdu.
So Tian helped form CURA to try to strengthen environmental awareness in the rural communities living on waterways that feed the city's rivers. The group received support from Chengdu's mayor and about $14,000 in seed m oney contributed by local real estate developers who didn't want Chengdu's rivers to be smelly. (It now receives support from other individual donors, a Hong Kong NGO and the local government.)