彭蒙惠英语:20110209 MP3在线课程 Rural China Goes Green

时间 : 2013-12-08 07:51来源 : VOA官网 收听下载次数 :
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Rural China Goes Green

by Trudy Rubin / (c) 2010, The Philadelphia Inquirer. Distributed by McClatchy-Tribune Information Services.

Eco-friendly technology shows great potential ... in the long run

This small village on the Zouma River─inside the municipal boundaries of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province─is the site of a fascinating effort to fight one of China's biggest problems: the dangerous levels of pollution in its rivers and streams.

"In the last 30 years, China's economic miracle has helped pull millions from poverty, but has put tremendous pressure on its ecosystems," said Ma Jun, whose 1999 book China's Water Crisis has been compared to Rachel Carson's Silent Spring. "Sixty percent of our rivers are polluted," and "300 million rural residents have no clean drinking water."

China's leadership has recognized the problem and adopted new regulations on industrial and agricultural pollution. Some government officials, [in order] to meet the new standards, may support Chinese nongovernm entalorganizations that work to clean up the environment. And that's how I came to be hurtling down a country road to look at a project run by the Chengdu Urban Rivers Association, or CURA, which works to persuade the public of the need to save the rivers.

Raising awareness, providing solutions

"Half of our problem is agricultural pollution," said Tian Jun, CURA's energetic general secretary, who formerly worked for the government on projects to treat two terribly polluted rivers running through Chengdu. Despite progress, officials faced a continuing problem of runoff from chemical pesticide used by farmers living upstream from Chengdu.

So Tian helped form CURA to try to strengthen environmental awareness in the rural communities living on waterways that feed the city's rivers. The group received support from Chengdu's mayor and about $14,000 in seed m oney contributed by local real estate developers who didn't want Chengdu's rivers to be smelly. (It now receives support from other individual donors, a Hong Kong NGO and the local government.)

中国农村走向绿色环保

环保科技日久见真章

河川污染已达危险程度是中国最大的问题之一,而位于四川省会成都市行政辖区内走马河畔的这座小村子,在克服污染的问题上,展现了令人动容的努力。

「过去三十年来,中国的经济奇迹帮助数百万的人们脱离贫困,但也为生态系统带来巨大的压力。」马军表示。他一九九九年的着作《中国水危机》曾被拿来与瑞秋.卡森的《寂静的春天》相提并论。「我们的河流有六成遭到污染,」而且「三亿的农村居民没有乾净的饮水。」

中国的领导阶层已意识到这个问题,并针对工业及农业污染,采行了新的规定。一些政府官员可以补助致力于保护环境洁净的中国非政府组织,以符合新标准。这就是我之所以会在乡下路上一路飞驰以观察成都城市河流研究会(简称河研会)主持的一项计画的缘由。河研会致力于说服民众了解拯救河川的必要性。

提升意识,提供解决之道

「我们有一半的问题是农业污染。」河研会活力充沛的秘书长田军说。她原本为政府工作,处理两条流经成都而严重污染的河流。尽管有所进展,官员仍需面对住在成都河流上游的农民使用化学杀虫剂持续溢流的问题。

因此田军协助成立河研会,试着加强住在农村水道地区民众的环境意识,这些水道是该市河流的水源。河研会获得成都市长的援助,而当地的房地产开发商则捐赠约一万四千美元做为种子基金,因为他们也不愿意成都的河流臭气冲天。(河研会现在获得其他个人捐献者、香港一家非政府组织及当地政府的补助。)

 

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