托福模拟试题听力 - TPO23 - 讲座4

时间 : 2013-10-26 09:47来源 : VOA官网 收听下载次数 :
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TPO23 Lecture4 Choreography (Screen Dance)

Professor:Now, when you think about choreography, well, uh, for your last assignment, you choreographed the dance that was performed on stage in front of live audience. Now, screen dance is very different. It is a dance routine you will be choreographing specifically to be viewed on a screen, on a computer screen, a TV screen, in a movie theater, any screen. So the question we have to ask is, what's the difference between choreography for a live performance and choreography for on-screen viewing? OK. Think for a minute. When you see a movie, is it just a film of people acting on a stage? Of course not. Movies use a variety of camera angles and creative editing. Movies can distort time, slow movement down, or speed it up, show actors fading in and out of scenes, etc. All of these ? all of these film-making techniques, things that can't be used in a live performance, are possible in a screen dance. Now, we'll cover these concepts in greater detail later, but you should be getting the idea that I don't want you to just film dancers on stage and turn it in as your screen dance project. Uh, Yes? Debbie.


Student:But isn't something lost here, Professor Watson? I am a dancer, and when I perform on stage, I am so energized by the audience's reactions, the applause. I actually, and for a lot of dancers, it ? it really inspires us.

Professor:You're right. Screen dance, which is a relatively new, isn't for everyone. Uh, some dancers may seem reluctant to participate in your project, because they do thrive on the immediacy of performing live. If this happens, you could point out that screen dance offers other ways for dancers to connect to their audience. For example, dancers can express themselves, even change the whole mood of the scene through a facial expression. And you could film close-up shots of their faces. Facial expressions aren't as important in live performances generally, because the choreographer knows that someone in the back row of a theater may not be able to see a dancer's face clearly.

Student:But ? um, I have never used a movie camera or edited film before. How will we learn everything we need to know to ? ?

Professor:Oh, don't worry. The cameras you will be using are pretty simple to operate. And you'll get to play with the film-editing software several times before beginning your project. You'll also have the option of working with a student in the film department, someone who's familiar with the technology. But the choreography and the end result will be your responsibility of course.

Student:Could you talk some more about the film - making techniques, you know, the ones that work best forscreen dances?

Professor:I'll show some of my favorite screen dances next week to give you a better idea. But, uh, OK. Here's one technique that can create the illusion of flow in a screen dance. You film the same dancer, entering and exiting the frame several times. Moving slowly at first, then faster and faster. Then in the editing room, you can digitally manipulate these images, like you might put five or ten or twenty copies of that same dancer meeting himself in the middle of the screen, to make it look like he is dancing with himself. Obviously, this can't be done in a live performance. Another example, in one screen dance I saw, the dancers leap through sheets of fire in a big abandoned building. Of course, the building wasn't really on fire. A technique called super-imposing was used. The dancers were filmed and layered in the editing room. The fire was added to the background.

Student:That sounds awesome. But if anyone can watch a dance on a computer screen. Why would they pay to go see a live performance? What if screen dance got so popular that it replaced live dance?

Professor:Screen dance is an entirely different type of presentation. It could never replicate the immediacy, the kind of drama that live performance offers. There will be an audience for that. I think what screen dance will do, though, is heighten awareness of dance in general. Because it is a way ? u h, it can reach people in their homes, in their workplaces, at anytime really. And if someone discovers that they love dance by watching a screen dance, there's a good chance they will get interested enough to buy a ticket to see a live performance.

 

1 What is the main purpose of the lecture?

A. To discuss some films the class will be viewing

B. To help prepare students for a class assignment

C. To compare two types of filmmaking techniques

D. To talk about the history of screen dance



2  Why does the professor say that facial expressions are relatively unimportant in live performances?

A. To point out that dancing and acting have many differences

B. To emphasize that screen dancers should not be concerned about their facial expressions

C. To give an example of a weakness of modern choreography

D. To suggest a reason why dancers might want to participate in a screen dance
 


3  How does the professor try to make students feel more confident about their assignment? Click on 2 answers

A. He tells them they will be able to practice editing films.

B. He tells them that technical assistance is available if they need it

C. He tells them they will not be graded on the technical aspects of their film.

D. He tells them that editing techniques are easy to learn.



4 Why does the professor talk about a dancer entering and exiting a frame?

A. To explain one way of creating a sense of flow in a screen dance

B. To point out that some screen dances are filmed on a stage

C. To help explain why screen dance is becoming more popular

D. To remind students to follow safety guidelines when filming a screen dance



5 According to the professor, what does screen dance offer to viewers that live dance does not?

A. A chance to see different types of dances being performed at the same time

B. An opportunity to share the enthusiasm dancers have for their art

C. A way to see how dance has changed over time

D. A more convenient way to watch dance



6 What is the professor’s opinion about the future impact of screen dance?

A. It will inspire some stage choreographers to change their methods.

B. It will eventually replace live dance.

C. It will probably build new audiences for live dance.

D. It will probably discourage some people from entering the dance profession