当前位置: VOA > 外教课堂 >

口语中应该如何请求别人帮忙,又应该如何命令别人做某事呢?

时间 : 2014-01-09 16:41来源 : VOA官网 收听下载次数 :

Hello,everybody.
I'm Niharika.
And today,we are gonna talk about"how do we request someone and how do we respond to it."
And we also go on a couple of commands,ok?
And now,the other day ,i was in my office
one of my collegues said
"hey,do me a favor,just finish the file"
and this sounds really rude.
I mean maybe he didn't mean to be rude.
but i didn't take it very well.
so here i just like,ok.let me do you a lesson on it.
Because there are people who,just you know,they either wanna be rude or they just want someone to do a favor for them.
but they do not knoe the correct way,the polite way to request someone.
ok.and on most daily bases, there are people who ask you to do something or you ask someone to do something for you
isn't it? so here in the lesson we are gonna learn that how do we put in a request.
ok. we are gonna loom at various phrases that could be used for a request.
ok. so we are gonna look here.
could you,ok,are there many people who also say,can you pass me the pen?
ok.now there are people who say this,we are just also right.
but "could you"is a, of course,more plite.
ok it's more formal way to ask someone to do something.
ok.so here ,when you say"could you open the door for me please?"
ok.you can always use the word"please".
it's it's the magic word.
ok.so the person will do it for you,for sure.
if you say it in a very niceway in a very polite way,the person will do it for you.
Because when you are requesting someone,it is important to be polite.
ok.you just kind order someone to do something,right?
it's not an application.
because people have choice to either do it or not to do it,isn't it?
so you can always use this magic word.i do that.
ok.we are gonna look at another phrase here.
"would you mind".ok now "would you mind".
would you mind is a if you were using this phrase.
it would always be followed by a gerund.
now what is a gerund?
it is a verb pluses"ing"
for example,would you mind opening the door for me?
ok. you would always say "would you mind opening the door for me?"
or for example, "would you mind helping me with this project?"
so always this phrase will be followed by a gerund.
right.now to respond to this question,"would you mind" will be a little different as compared to the other phrases.
ok.now here, if someone would ask you"would you mind opening the door for me?"
ok.the respond you will use a negative wordfor it.
like you would say"no,i don'tmind"
but exactly the response is positive.
you do use a negative word but basically,you are saying"yes,i'll do it"
ok.so the response to "would you mind" will be "no,i don't"
so basically means happy,happy to open the door for you.
ok.now we have another phrase here.
"i would be greatful" now i would be grateful this again.
i will be obliged.ok.means i'll be obliged,so i will,i would be grateful if you do the project work for me.
or if you help me with the project work.
ok. so this is another wawy of requesting someone.
ok. and we have another one here for you.
"i would appreciate it if"
now i would be appreciate it if you do this work for me.
or if you finish this project for me.
ok.tis is also another phrase.
it is also fomal and it also sounds really polite.
so of course the person would be very happy to do it for you if you use these phrases
and this another phrase here.
i was hoping that
here i was hoping basically you just being nice and maybe i mean
of course you are being nice but you are a little
you are not sure of the person would do it or not.
so you just being gentlely
you just being nice saying that i was hoping that you would finish this project work for me.
ok so there are the phrases that you can use when you are in office with your collegues or evenin your school
if you wanna talk to your friends or the fellow students.
ok so this will just sound perfect.
right. now how would be the response to these requests.
you can say ,sure i'll be happy to do that.
ok you can always say,sure or you can say alright.
ok. so this is the way you will respond if you would like to do that.
if the person is asking you to do something and you wanna do it.
that's how you would say you would say sure,i would do it for you or of course or alright i will do it for you.
now as we learned that request is not an application.
ok you also have the right to say no,isn't it
but a direct no will sound really rude.
ok so what you can say is i'm sorry
ok you can add i'm sorry i can't do this.
i'm sorry i can't do this or i can't.
right.or you can say i'm afraid i won't be able to do this
ok.this is a the polite way of responding to request if you don't want to do it.
ok.so now we would also look at the commands
so now that we learn how do we request,we could also see that what are commands.
ok. now command is a more like an application.
it's a compulsion like you do not have choice you have to do it.
ok.and command is an imparetive form.
now why is it an imparetive form?becausse it does not have subject.
ok it's hidden.
Right.so i'll explain you when we go through the sentences here the examples here.
like,for example,answer the phone.
it's like a command.
it's more like a demand,right?
answer the phone.
ok.you would not pecificly say that you answer the phone.
ok.so it's obvious that the person is talking to you answer the phone,right?
so that's why it is an imparetive form.
alright.so we don't specificly use you answer hte phone.
ok.now look at another sentence here.
finish this asap.
now asapis an ...name,is basically as soon as possible.
ok so if you were at your work place and your boss demands that finish this asap.
ok so it's more like a command and you don't have a choice.
right?you will have to do it you have to follow what he says what he tells you,isn't it?
so another example here.
be quiet.now be quiet is also a command.
usually teachers use it for the children,the nauty children who are making a lot of noises in the class.
the children cannot say that i woould do it or i won't be quiet,isn't it?
so the children do not have an option but to be quiet.
so be quiet is another way of cammanding.
ok.don't drive without a seat belt on.
so have a specially the youngster if they have happened not to putting on the seat belt.
so always you would see the adults,an ...of course a traffic police they would office command saying
don't drive without seat belt on.
ok so again this is a command you do not have choice but to follow the rule.
ok and study english regularly this is what i would say
ok study english regularly because we are learning english we would love to practice english
so that's why it is important to study english
ok. so it;s again a command.
now how would you respond to these commands
of course you cannot say not to it so the best way to it is sure i'll do that or
of course i'll do that
or you can also be nice and polite saying i'd love to do that.
ok so there are the various ways that you would respond to commands.
ok so here we learned so the next whenever you are commanding someone or you are putting in the request
just be nice be polite
use the magic word please do
and i will see you in next lesson soon
and also i request you to write to us and any other lessons that you are looking forward for
i would love to come up and give you lesson on it.
alright, thank you.