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嗓子疼,头疼等常见的疾病用英语怎么说?

时间 : 2014-01-14 18:45来源 : VOA官网 收听下载次数 :

Hello, I am Niharika and today we are gonna talk about being sick. Now there are times that we feel unwell and we don’t know how to explain what we feel, right? We don’t know the right expressions, the right phrases that we use that better explains that we are unwell. Ok, you go to a doctor, what do you tell him? He is not just gonna say, ok, this, this, this is wrong with you, well, you have to explain, right? what you feel, isn’t it? So I’m gonna help you with these expressions here and little John, ok, he is John, he is gonna help you out, he is gonna explain you that he is sick and what phrases you would use to explain that you’re unwell.

So, first we have to learn the words of “ache”. Ok, these are the common words that we use to explain being sick. What is “ache” now? “ache” is a discomfort, it’s an acute pain, it’s a discomfort, it’s a shooting pain that is quite prolonged, and that’s when you use the word “ache”. So you say “ I have a headache.” ok? Maybe you were not able to sleep last night, now you have this sharp shooting pain, so you would say I have a headache, or you have a bad cavity, or you have a bad tooth, like a decayed tooth, and then you would say “ I have a toothache.” ok? So these are the types of aches that you have. If your ear is itchy, it’s hurting, then you would say earache.
Now there are people who also use the word “hurt” like they would say “my head hurts” or “my tummy hurts”. Ok , “hurt”, well ,the exact meaning of the word “hurt’ is injury. Ok, you injured yourself, that’s when you say that “ oh, I hurt myself”. However, people do use the word “hurt” when they have to explain that my head hurts or my shoulder hurts, ok? It’s more like a slang, ok? It’s more used like a slang, right?

So we learned the word “ache”, and now let’s look at “infection”, this is another word that we commonly use. What’s an “infection”? Infection is the germs, the bacteria or the virus that attacks once you come in contact, that attacks a body part, ok? So you might have heard people have an eye infection, ok? People have a throat infection, or even an ear infection. Ok, so you really can’t see these bacteria or the germs, but it just, it basically attacks your body parts and that causes an infection, again, it’s quite painful, it’s you get really irritated with that pain, so that’s infection.

Ok, we have another one here for you is “sore”, now “sore” is, again, it causes a lot of pain, it’s quite irritating, it causes a lot of discomfort, like you have sore eyes, you know you might have seen people keep rubbing their eyes, and they really turn red, so that’s when they say that “I have sore eyes” , or “sore neck”, “sore neck” is basically, it’s quite painful, you are unable to swallow food that you would say that you have a sore throat, ok? So that’s when you use the word “sore”, right?

So we are gonna have a look at the little John here, ok? As I said, when you have sharp shooting pain in your head, like your head is spinning, you feel faint, you would say that I have a headache, or you can say I feel dizzy, ok? I feel dizzy. Or maybe you had too much of alcohol last night, you partied really hard, enjoyed your night, and now the next morning it’s very difficult to go back to work and you are just not able to wake up because your head hurts, then you would say that “I am having a bad hangover”, ok? That’s when you say “I’m have a bad hangover”. Ok, so be careful only party on the week weekends like Saturday nights so that you don’t have to worry about your hangover the next day.

So let’s look at his eyes, as we learned that you either have an eye infection, where is it?ok, it’s right here, ok you have an eyes infection, ok? Or you have itchy eyes, watery eyes, ok? So that explains that you are having an eye infection.

Now we have nose. Lies all the problems right here, the nose. You either have running nose, you know, you might have seen people, they keep doing this, ok, they keep doing that, now what is that? They have a running nose, your noses are not really running, but it’s just flowing out, the mucus , basically the bacteria is called “mucus”, so that’s flowing out constantly, and that’s when you say that I have a running nose, ok? Now people also have, when the cold, ok? Either people have running nose, or people are sneezing constantly, or if they have a bad cold, they are unable to breathe, ok? It’s very difficult for them to breathe, they would say that “I have a blocked nose”, ok? I have a blocked nose, or you can say “I have a nasal congestion”ok? a nasal congestion.

All right, so that’s all our problems are, the nose. And we also will look at our teeth, we learned that we have toothaches, it’s a cavity, or you have a decayed tooth that you would say that “I have toothaches”, so you have to go run to the dentist, ok? It’s the dentist who would help you with your toothache, ok? So that’s when you talk about your teeth, ok?

The next thing is your throat, as we learned here, your sore throat, sore throat is when you are unable to swallow food, ok? It’s actually red from the inside, not from outside, ok the inside is really red, it’s itchy, it causes you a lot of discomfort, so that is when we say that I have a sore throat. And the ears, the nose and the throat are very much connected, so you’ll go to an ENT specialist, ok, the doctor is called as an ENT specialist, that stands for ear, nose and throat, ok?

All right, now let’s come down here, the shoulder. Shoulder, you might have heard people say that I have a stiff shoulder or people also say I have a frozen shoulder. What’s a frozen shoulder? It basically restricts your movement, ok, you are unable to pick up your hand, you’re unable to play badminton probably, ok? So basically it causes lots of pain also, so that is when you say I have a frozen shoulder, ok? alright? So that’s when you say frozen shoulder.

Now let’s look at your stomach, there are these ladies who are trying to fit themselves into those beautiful black dresses and they are not able to fit in, so this means they either have gained weight, of course, or they have a bloated tummy, ok? They have a bloated tummy or a bloated stomach, ok? You can also say they have a bloated belly. Now you might have also heard people, especially I have come across people who say “oh, I have bad gas”. What is “bad gas”, ok? It’s just so funny, I find it so hilarious, you don’t say “I have bad gas”, ok? If you say that “I have bad gas”, I would say “ok, let me go take my car for a refill.” so we do not use that, it’s incorrect. You would say that I have a bloated stomach, it really means that excess of gas has built up maybe because of indigestion, ok? Or you ate something bad and it’s not digested, so that’s when you say that I have bloated stomach or a bloated belly, ok?

Let’s look at “constipation”, constipation, ok, what is constipation? Now constipation is basically irregular bowel movements, you really want to go to the washroom, to the loo, and you wanna pass motions but it’s just not coming, you are so unsuccessful, it’s just not coming, oh my god. So that’s when you say that “ I am constipated”, ok? “I feel constipated”, alright? Whereas diarrhea is a little opposite, diarrhea is that you keeping going almost a hundred rounds to the washroom, and you keep passing move motions, and it’s a little stinky, too. Ok, so that’s when you say that “ I have diarrhea”, ok?

Now we learned a lot of things here, ok, about headaches, about toothaches, about built stomach, constipation, but let’s look at “cramps”, ok? What are “cramps”? “cramps” are basically muscle contraction that causes a lot of pain, ok? Especially when you are running, you know, and suddenly you get this bad cramp, you know, you might have heard people say “Oh my god, I just cramp my leg.”or something. So that means it’s a muscular, it’s a muscular discomfort, ok? So people also say “ spasms”, ok? Alright?

And sprain, what is “sprain”? Like if you twisted your leg or you twisted your foot, ok? That’s when you say “ oh I sprain my foot”, ok, you’re trying to wear these high heels, especially these young girls, ok they try to walk with these beautiful wonderful high heels and they kind of twisted their leg, that’s when we say they sprained their leg, it’s, of course, it’s painful, ok? It is very much painful, it causes a lot of discomfort, but we use the word “sprain”, that’s the right word, ok?

And ok, now we learned about our sickness, different expressions, different words that you would use, but we also have something called allergy, ok, now what’s “allergy”? You might have heard people say “ I am allergic to that person, he just talks a lot.” that’s not what I mean here. “ allergy” is people have a lot of various allergies, like either food allergies, they eat something wrong, and they get these rashes all over their body and have to rush to doctor, or people also have dust allergy, ok? Like if you are in a very polluted area, and they come in contact with a lot of dust, then people get dust allergy, ok? So that’s when he say that “ I have a allergy” or “ I am allergic to dust” or “ I am allergic to grapes”, I am, honestly, I am really allergic to grapes, so that’s when you have an allergy.

And we have flu, now flu, people say “ I’m down with flu, is basically, again, a virus infection, ok? In Flu, your head hurts, you really have this bad headache, you have running nose and you have sore throat, ok? That’s when you have flu. Basically these are the symptoms of flu, ok? Injury is when you hurt yourself, ok? You see kids running around and maybe they bumped into something and they fell down and they got hurt, their knees started bleeding, so that’s when they say that it’s an injury, ok, I hurt myself, I hurt my knee, ok?

So these are some words that you need to know, ok? Now prescription, what is prescription? You go to a doctor, the doctor would write where is medicines that you need to take in the morning, you need to take in the evening, before you sleep, ok, so that’s prescription, ok? So he prescribes medicines, and with the prescription note, you go to a pharmacy, ok? You go to a pharmacy to buy medicines, that’s where you get your medicines, ok? We also call it as a drug store, a drug store where you get all your medicines, ok?

So these are the various words, I would also like to mention that in English, when you have to eat your medicines, you always use the word “take”, ok, please do remember this, be it liquid, be it tablets, be it pills, ok, make sure that you would say that I take, I took a nice aspirin for my headache, or I take vitamins every day, so always use the word “ take”, alright, so keep that in mind, and I hope little John was a little successful explaining you about his sickness, I hope you never ever have to use these phrases, just stay healthy, but if in case you have to , I hope this lesson would help you out, I’ll be back with a new lesson soon, you take care and have a great day.