当前位置: VOA > 外教课堂 >

印度的屠妖节(Diwali)有哪些习俗,为什么要过deepavali这个节日呢?

时间 : 2014-01-16 21:22来源 : VOA官网 收听下载次数 :

Hello, welcome to a new lesson, my name is Niharika.

And today we are gonna talk about the most beautiful and joyful holiday which is Deepavali.

Yes, Deepavali is a great grand celebration by Indians which celebrated in all parts of India and most of the parts of the world also.

Well there is a five days celebration which starts on the thirteenth day of the thirteenth lunar day of Hindu calendar.

Yes, so in this lesson we’re gonna look at the activities that performed these five days of celebrations.

Ok, and also some vacabulary that would help you to talk about this festival. Right, so first let’s just learn what is Deepavali.

Now Deepavali the word “deep” which means “light”.

Ok, and the word “avali” means the “row”, a row. Ok, so it’s basically a row of light.

And that’s exactly the reason why we called Deepavali or the Vali as the festival of lights, right.

Now this festival as celebrated traditionally celebrated because it’s the celebration of the Lord John.

Ok, the return of Lord John to his kingdom after fourteen years of exile.

Now exile means the state of being forbidden.

The state of being forbidden.

So basically we’re celebrating the return of Lord John to his kingdom, right.

Now, here we will also look at the activities which begins from day1 and day1 is called as Dhanteras.

Now, what wo do on Dhanteras ? Now before start before starting the festival.

Yes, people do clean their houses, takes like the annual cleaning of their homes and businesses.

Ok, so that’s the best time to find your misplaced things.

And also almost everyone looks like they’re on shopping spring because they love going out shopping for new clothes﹑sweets and lots of lots of gifts that have to be exchanged.

So now let’s see what we do on Dhanteras. Dhanteras is the first day of Deepavali celebrations, ok.

And it’s basically celebrating the wealth and prosperity.

Ok, so basically people pray for wealth and prosperity where in people also they make these beautiful traditional patterns which are called as Rangolis.

It’s a traditional art it’s a traditional orders. So it’s basically made by colorful sand.

Ok, it looks amazingly beautiful it’s basically decorated in front your houses and business premises.

And arund that these beautiful Diyas are laid.

Now, what is a Diya? A Diya is basically a clean lamp.

Ok, so we put in some oil and these clean lamps are light ok. They really look really really pretty.

Alright, so basically on Dhanteras we do decorate the business premises and houses with Rangoli.

And wo look Diyas all night long and also to show or to signify the arrival of the goddess, goddess wealth then for prosperity.

We do make these footprints. Ok, we draw footprints with rice flour.

Ok, so that also looks really pretty. So this is what people do on day1.

Of course women, women do love buying gold. Ok, it’s a traditional thing they go out they go buy gold.

And also they buy new utensils right.

Now we move to the day2.

Now the second day is basically Bathing rituals. When people wake up early in the morning as a least four thirty.

Wow, that’s before sunrise, wait to before sunrise.

So they clean their body. Ok, they clean their body they clean their negativity. Ok, with oils and with sandal, they apply sandal, they also apply drawn flour.

Ok, so all of these things applied on the body and then they take a shower. Ok, so these are basically bathing rituals.

And then they wear new clothes,ok.

And then we exchange sweets and we exchange Deepavali gifts on day2, right.

Then we have day3.

Now day3 is compeletely devoted to Goddess Laxmi. Ok we worship Goddess Laxmi and Goddess Laxmi is the goddess of wealth.

Ok, so it’s a complete day is devoted for her because here we’re welcoming her we’re welcoming wealth and prosperity into our houses.

It’s partially after sunset that in the evening hours people open the doors and windows which signifys the arrival of the Goddess Laxmi.

Ok, and she’s also beautifully decorated with flower garlands ok.

And homemade sweets are also offered.

And also there’s a big face in the house so all family members meet up.

And it’s a great great gathering for the family on the Laxmi Pusa Day. It’s called as Laxmi Pusa.

It’s called as Laxmi Pusa, alright.

So and also after all of these worship being Goddess Laxmi.

It’s a traditional thing the families gamble a lot, like they play cards and it’s a very nice thing to do with the family. It’s super fun.

Then on day 4 which is the New Year’s Eve.

Ok, day 4 is New Year’s Eve so basically it’s considered as most auspicious day to start a new venture, ok.

People also consider this day as a new financial year.

Ok, so people do go to offices and celebrate in most of the business offices the corporate offices as New Year’s Eve, ok.

People also let especially children they go burst crackers, firecrackers.

Ok, they do burst firecrackers but be careful children because it might pose a danger to you.

Unless we last buy its ?

And especially all these chemical components used to make these firecrackers are pretty dangerous.

Adding of course where the air pollution around.

So maybe avoiding the firecrackers would be a great idea this year.

Ok, so that’s how we celebrate the New Year’s Eve which is the fourth day of Deepavali celebrations.

And then the fifth and final day of Deepavali is Family Rituals.

Family Rituals which is very much dedicated for celebrating the love and the bond between the brothers and their sisters.

It’s the bond between brother and sisters.

Ok, so here sisters invite their brothers to their homes ok, so they exchange gifts of course.

And it’s a very traditional thing which is being happened in all these years and it’s a very beautiful celebration.

It’s one of my favorites too because of course I recieve gifts from my brother.

And also being the fifth day you know it just feels special because...

Ok, so all these five days are done and gone so this the last day when we celebrate the love and bond.

So here also the family gets together and have a great time.

Alright, so this is what exactly we do for this festival of Deepavali.

Do let me know how do you celebrate Deepavali I’ll be glad to read all the comments.

And I will see you soon in your next lesson till then you take care and have a great day.