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英语中between和among的用法区别

时间 : 2014-01-18 22:04来源 : VOA官网 收听下载次数 :

Hello, my name is Niharika
And today we’re going to talk about the difference between the words “between” and “among”
But you may have just noticed that I said that we’re going to talk about the difference between the words “between” and “among”
Now I use the preposition “between” because here we are talking about a choice between two distinct words, okay?
involving two distinct words that is “between” and “among”
So that’s exactly when we use the word “between”
We use “between” when we’re talking about two places, two people or two objects

All right! So that’s when we use the word “between”
We’ll look at an example that would help you to understand this better
I can’t decide between the red or the blue shirt
Now you using the word “between” here
Because there are only two choices of shirt, okay?
You go to a mark and you select shirts
But you have here a choice of two colors
That is the red and blue shirt, okay?
So that is why, since there’re only two choices, we use the word between
So when do we use the word among

Now, here if you see
I can’t decide among these shirts
Okay, first let me explain you when do we use the word among
When there are
When we are referring to more than two people, two places or two objects
We say we use the word “among”, okay?
So this sentence implies that I can’t decide among these shirts
This means you’ve gone for shopping and you have so many shirts in front of you, okay?
So in general, you have so many shirts that you can’t you’re unable to make choice, okay?
That’s why you using the word “among” here, okay?
So you are talking about more than two things, right?
So we’ll look at another sentence here
Fear spread among the hostages when they heard gun fire, okay?

So, here again you are using the word among
Because we are talking about a group in general
Okay, so there are so many people in what’s the hostages
It’s a number of people, okay?
So that’s why we are using the word among
There are only, there are not only just two people
There is a group and that’s why we use the word among
Now, if we were
If I were about to tell you a secret, then I would say just keep it between you and me
So here I use the word between
Because only two people are involved
That is you and me
And that’s why I use the word between, okay?
Now here I have an example for you
There is a disagreement on this issue between John, Jane and Tina
Now you would ask, there are more than two people here, right?
It’s not just John and Jane

But there is another third person, Tina
So why have I used the word “between” here, right?
So let me explain this to you
When you are talking one to one correspondence
Like you are taking name individually
You use the word between, okay?
So here in sentence I’m specifically saying the decent? disagreement between John, Jane and Tina
So we are individually taking their names
And that’s why we use the word between
But if in case we’re talking in general, then I would use the word “among”, okay?
So I would have said there is a disagreement on this issue among them, okay?
So, hoping you understand that, like for example
If I had to say that
I am confused between the countries, Egypt, Austrian and America for my vacations
So here I’m specifically telling you about countries that I am confused
And that’s why I use the word “between”, all right?
So I hope you understood what is the difference between the words “between” and “among”
So when exactly you use it, I hope you understood that

Now, the words between and among can also help us to understand the difference between locations and directions
So we have the sentences
We have in fact two sentences for you
We’ll look at differences between these two sentences
John walked between the trees
And John walked among the trees, okay?
So what do you think the differences?
I’ll explain you
John walked between the trees, here, we are using the word between
Because this sentence gives us an idea that John had a defined path Okay?
He had the defined path and which was only surrounded by trees
So he walked between the trees, okay?
That’s exactly why we use the word between
Whereas this sentence John walked among the trees
Here among gives us an idea that maybe John was not sure about his path
So he kept wandering around the forest ,okay
So maybe he went here and he went here
He just kept wandering around park or the forest
And that’s why we use the word among
So John walked among the trees, okay?
Now you might have also heard people using the word amongst
Do you think there is difference between the words among and amongst
Well, there is not really difference, okay?
They mean the same and they can be used interchangeable, okay

So, however, among is used in more ……more emerging writing
Whereas amongst is little traditional, it’s a little old fashion word, okay
However it is dramatically correct, okay
You can definitely use it
So I have given an example for you
Which smart phone would you but amongst these?
So basically here you have many choices, many smart phones in the market
So which one would you buy among these phones
Or amongst these phones, okay
So I hope this lesson is amongst your favorite lessons for the week
And hope you understand the difference between the words between and among
And I’ll see you soon in your next lesson
You take care and have a good day.